California State University, Fresno
California State University, Fresno (Fresno State) is the largest university in California’s Central Valley, serving more than 22,000 students. The University plays a critical role in the development of this diverse, growing region. Fresno State’s Strategic Plan includes a commitment to expand environmental awareness among the campus community and implement steps to become a more sustainable campus. The California State University system aimed to reduce energy consumption by 15%. In line with the Campus Master Plan, Fresno State administrators teamed with OpTerra Energy Services to create a plan to improve energy efficiency and sustainability, as well as hedge against future increases in energy costs.
In mid-2006, the California State University Board of Trustees approved the construction of a one-megawatt solar power installation at Fresno State. The $11.9 million project, consisting of 10 metal photovoltaic (PV) panel–topped canopies covering more than 700 parking spaces, is the largest installation of its kind at any university in the U.S. In addition to designing, installing and commissioning the project, OpTerra arranged financing via a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA). This innovative financial structuring enables the university to purchase electricity at a specified, competitive price over a 20-year term from a third party that owns and operates the solar installation. As a result, Fresno State can now budget accurately for its electricity, while paying market competitive utility costs.
To promote awareness and engagement with this pioneering project on campus, OpTerra designed and installed four electronic information kiosks at four college departments. The kiosks enable students and others to view web-based, real-time data and graphical displays from the PV system. The solar project also included installation of security wiring and other parking lot improvements. OpTerra performed all of the work in phases, most of it during the summer and spring breaks, to minimize the impact on campus parking.
The new PV system, which will provide about 20% of the University’s annual base electrical demand, saves more than $13 million in avoided utility costs over the 30-year life of the system. This clean, renewable energy – enough to power 1,000 homes – reduces demand for electricity from the local utility and the state’s power grid, particularly during peak periods and the hot summer months. More than 1.5 million kilowatt-hours of energy produced each year will offset about 950 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions – equivalent to planting more than 24,300 new trees or removing more than 200 cars from the road every year.
Not only do the parking canopies lower the University’s energy spending significantly, they provide the community with much-needed vehicle shade from the strong Central Valley sun. The premium parking spots also generate an additional revenue stream for the university. This project, which is just one of its several “green campus” initiatives, demonstrates Fresno State’s commitment to sustainability and energy education and serves as a practical model for other universities to follow. By installing the largest solar panel canopy parking structure in the U.S., Fresno State has created a greater awareness of energy use and efficiency within the campus community and has proven its leadership in sustainability beyond CSU schools.
The Technical Scope
- Installed 1-MW solar system on 10 metal photovoltaic (PV) panel–topped parking canopies